Greek Myths before the Greeks

My post series about ancient cultures is not over yet. I will tell you few curious discoveries that I had never learned before, and very few people did, so here comes the Vučedol Culture Museum to show us what it is about. 

The Vučedol Culture had their glorious days about 5000 years ago, or more or less around 3500-2500 BC. It was before the Ancient Greece, much before the classical Antiquity, at the same time when Egypt and Mesopotamia had their peak times. The “Vučedol City” was the capital of Europe, while on this place the shamanism was highly developed, and the shamans knew how to observe the sky.

Patterns on ceramics in Vucedol

So they figured out the concept of constellations – I’m not sure if they were the first, but it doesn’t even matter, because in that time the ideas were appearing on many places at the same time, since it wasn’t (yet) the Information Age, but rather the Copper Age developing into the Bronze Age 🙂

Yes, constellations. Particularly Orion. They knew when the spring was coming, replacing the winter.

Venus and her Lovers

Venus is a Roman goddess, better said, Venus is a Roman name of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. In Vučedol there was no such elaborated religious mythology, but the shamans saw an event on the sky that made them feel that there was a case of adultery.

The Myth About Venus and Mars
Vulcan, Venus and Mars from BL Harley 4425, f. 122v – Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun.

The beautiful goddess was married to Hephaestus/Vulcan, who was the god of Metallurgy and the ugliest god of the Olympus. He found her lying with the handsome Ares/Mars, the god of war, and one of her many lovers.

According to the most advanced data collected from observing the historical events on the sky, precisely on February 22, 2889 BC, there was an event on the sky – Venus (the planet) crossed the Pleiades.


The scared Shamans

Venus is known as an “evening star” although it’s not a star at all, but just a planet. However, due to its proximity to the Earth, it brights to us more than real stars. In this case, this specific event on the night sky was surprising and frightening to the Vučedol shamans, the way they saw the entire story.

They saw a beautiful woman cheating on her ugly husband with a handsome man. These old times were funny on some ways. Each culture was interpreting stories and discoveries of the previous one. Vučedol had no writing at all, only some proto-writing. The Greeks made their mythology complete. And the planets were named after Roman names. But these myths appeared even before the classical Greece.

As the Next Big Thing of that times, created and made by the shamans, was a kind of perfect combination between Knowledge and Faith, was precisely related to Metallurgy, and they were so scared of losing these improvements, these techniques, everything that was supposedly given to them by the nature, they saw such an event as a serious threat. They thought it was an announcement.

During your visit to the Museum, you’ll have an opportunity to realise why these our days are much better for living than the days I’m talking about in this post series. You might know similar cases – some people were chosen to die in the ceremony of ritual burying. They were even tortured previously, and in the traces of these tortures, there are symbols of Venus and Mars. Poor people.

Vucedol Archaeological Site

The form how the ceremony was prosecuted can be noticed from the original findings on site. The same way this is transferred to the Museum.

This is the fifth episode made within the post series about Untold Stories from Archeological findings in Europe. One Museum, 7 stories. Illustration of the Myth about Venus and Mars were taken from the Europeana database, and are public domain. Their further data is visible in the images’ metadata. 

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